In this article, we will discuss another modifier called the crème gene (Cr). The crème gene dilutes the color of a horse. Let’s discuss the variations of the gene, and the “colors” it produces.
The crème gene is a dominant gene. What this means is that if your horse has a copy of the crème gene from only one of its parents it will be visible on the horse, except for in black which we will discuss. Since the crème modifier dilutes the coat of a horse, when a horse has two copies of the crème gene it is a double dilute horse, and is very obvious.
ZGC Sienna (Curly MFT) and Dam (MFT) - Both Palomino's - Zion's Gait Curlies
A single copy of the crème gene (Cr) on a red base dilutes the red to a golden color. This color is called Palomino. A Palomino would be a heterozygous for Crème (N/Cr) horse, and would have a 50% chance of passing on this modifier to its offspring. Palomino's can range from yellow white to a dark golden color. Palomino is not a breed, but a diluted red based “color” on a horse. There are color registries that you can register your horse to such as the Palomino Registry. . This is a color registry
DCC Rebels Charisma (Curly MFT)- Cremello - Zion's Gait Curlies
If a horse is homozygous for the crème modifier (CrCr), and it has a red based coat, then it is called a Cremello. A Cremello would have a 100% chance of passing on the crème modifier to its offspring.
ZGC New York (Curly MFT) - Smoky Black -Zion's Gait Curlies
A single copy of the crème gene on a black horse produces a color called Smoky Black. A Smoky Black horse is heterozygous for the Crème modifier (N/Cr) and would have a 50% chance of passing on Crème to its offspring.
Shinins Creme De La Creme (MFT) - Smoky Cream - Zion's Gait Curlies
A homozygous for Crème (CrCr) black horse is called a Smoky Crème. A smoky crème would have a 100% chance of passing on the crème gene to its offspring. It is often difficult to tell if a black horse carries a single copy of the crème gene from one of its diluted parents. The best and quickest method of checking is to have your horse tested for the Crème modifier. You can have the horse tested at UC Davis
DCC Creme De Cocoa (Curly MFT) - Buckskin - Zion's Gait Curlies
A heterozygous for Crème (N/Cr) bay horse is called Buckskin. A buckskin has a 50% chance to pass on the crème modifier to its offspring. Buckskin is not a breed, but a color. You can find color registries for buckskin on Google searches for “buckskin registry”.
R Peaches Ala Creme (MFT) - Perlino - Zion's Gait Curlies
A bay that is homozygous for the Crème modifier (CrCr) is called a Perlino. A Perlino has a 100% chance of passing on the crème modifier to its offspring.
You can find a list of Colorado horse breeders at http://horses-colorado.com/pages/breeding.html - this site has a listing of many breeds in the state of Colorado, some of whom have horses with the Crème modifier!
(MFT stands for Missouri Foxtrotter)